By Steven Beller
Anti-Semitism has been a chillingly chronic presence through the final millennium, culminating nowa days within the horror of the ultimate resolution. This Very brief advent examines and untangles many of the strands of anti-Semitism noticeable all through background, revealing why hatred of the Jews seems to be so power via time. Steven Beller illuminates the historical past of the phenomenon: from medieval non secular clash, to the expansion of anti-Semitism as a political and ideological stream within the nineteenth century, to the "new" anti-Semitism of the twenty first century, as mirrored in Holocaust denial and Islamic anti-Zionism. the writer additionally discusses the function and attitudes of key figures equivalent to Wagner, Nietzsche, and Marx, in addition to key texts comparable to the solid "Protocols of the Elders of Zion." in brief, this compact e-book bargains an insightful account that underscores how anti-Semitism reached it its darkish apogee within the worst genocide in sleek history--the Holocaust--and the way it nonetheless persists worldwide today.
The most powerful a part of Beller's ebook is his exemplary introductory bankruptcy, "What is Anti-Semitism?", which might be required examining for all scholars of the Nazis and the Sah, of ethnic violence and of historiography. magazine of recent Jewish Studies
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Extra resources for Antisemitism: A Very Short Introduction (Very Short Introductions)
Yet many Jewish thinkers dismissed this as a travesty of Jewish religion and ethics, based on Kant’s ignorance of Judaism. They concentrated instead on the great similarities between Kantian and Jewish thought, and the possibilities that the idea of an ethics of the autonomous will opened up for a rational organization of society, in which Jewish individuals would be equal with all other autonomous individual citizens. Kant became a guiding light for many of the greatest German Jewish thinkers, including Hermann Cohen.
Even at the end of the 18th century, Jews were still subject in much of Europe, especially in Central and Eastern Europe, to special taxes and prohibitions that were speciﬁcally designed to prostrate and humiliate, according to traditional Christian anti-Jewish doctrine. The wave of modernization of the European economy, society, and political systems that spread from the western edge (Britain and Holland) from the mid-17th century, together with radical changes in thought encapsulated in the word ‘Enlightenment’, also radically altered attitudes to Jews.
The switch from a corporate 23 Antisemitism society to a modern ‘Westphalian state’ model, in which the sovereign ruled his subjects equally, according to rules of reason and without corporate, hierarchical structures, of necessity also required a profound change in the Jews’ situation, and a need to integrate them into society in a much more direct way than previously, as individuals rather than as members of a quasi-separate community. The debate about how to effect this transformation of Jews to the beneﬁt of the modernizing European states (and also the Jews themselves) came to be known as the ‘Jewish Question’.
Antisemitism: A Very Short Introduction (Very Short Introductions) by Steven Beller