By Wolfgang Gerlach
An perpetually puzzling query of the 20 th century is how “decent” humans got here to permit, and occasionally even perform, the ultimate answer. worry evidently had its position, as did apathy. yet how does one clarify the silence of these those who have been dedicated, energetic, and infrequently fearless rivals of the Nazi regime on different grounds—those who spoke out opposed to Nazi actions in lots of components but whose reaction to genocide ranged from tepid disquiet to avoidance? One such crew used to be the Confessing Church, Protestants who usually risked their very own defense to help Christian sufferers of Nazi oppression yet whose reaction to pogroms opposed to Jews used to be ambivalent.
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Additional resources for And the witnesses were silent: the Confessing Church and the persecution of the Jews
Finally, the Kassel writers attempted to arouse the church’s conscience on behalf of the Jewish and non-Aryan brethren: Despised and proscribed—betrayed by their own church—robbed of their God—they also stand before the collapse of their material existence. ∏ 21 The Defamation of the Jews One week after the Kassel petition, in the Niederdeutsche Kirchenzeitung, the Young Reformation Movement published its principles regarding the reorganization of the Evangelical Church. The seventh point stated: ‘‘We confess our faith in the Holy Spirit and, therefore, we reject as a matter of principle the exclusion of non-Aryans from the church; for this is based upon a confusion of state and church.
The adoption of a child does not constitute a parent-child relationship as deﬁned by section 3. Law against the Overcrowding of German Schools and Universities (25 April 1933), Section 4: 1. During the enrollment of new students, it must be observed strictly that, among the total number attending each school and department, the number of Reich Germans who are not of Aryan descent, as established by the Law for the Restoration of the Professional Civil Service of 7 April 1933, does not exceed the percentage of non-Aryans in the population of the German Reich.
These unambiguous reservations about non-Aryan Christians (and even more about Jews) were hardly in harmony with the Pastors’ Emergency League pledge. ) were to suffer out of sympathy with those spared de natura. Professor Dr. ≥≠ ‘‘A church based upon the New Testament, a book in which there is not a line that was not written, probably or certainly, by ‘Jewish Christians,’ ’’ contended Hermann, could not bar converted Jews, their descendants, or spouses from the pastorate. ’’ 36 Gutachten and Synodal Resolutions The struggle within the church over the Aryan paragraph had intensiﬁed.
And the witnesses were silent: the Confessing Church and the persecution of the Jews by Wolfgang Gerlach