By Herbert H. Haines
Outfitted on in-depth interviews with circulation leaders and the documents of key abolitionist organisations, this paintings lines the fight opposed to capital punishment within the usa due to the fact that 1972. Haines reports the felony battles that ended in the short-lived suspension of the dying penalty and examines the following conservative flip within the courts that has pressured dying penalty competitors to count much less on litigation options and extra on political motion. applying social move conception, he diagnoses the motives of the anti-death penalty movement's lack of ability to mobilize frequent competition to executions, and he makes pointed suggestions for bettering its effectiveness. For this variation Haines has incorporated a brand new Afterword within which he summarizes advancements within the move on account that 1994.
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Extra resources for Against Capital Punishment: The Anti-Death Penalty Movement in America, 1972-1994
It was common knowledge to any attorney working in the South that death sentences there were not meted out in a color-blind fashion. Rather, black defendants were much more likely to be condemned when their victims were white, and especially when the charge was rape. LDF attorneys had, in fact, already raised this issue —unsuccessfully —in a 1950 Virginia appeal (Hampton v. Commonwealth, 190 Va. 2d 288), and had planned to do so again a decade later (Hamilton v. Alabama, 270 Ala. 184, 116 So. 2d 906, 1960), until the defendant's sentence was reduced to life imprisonment.
On the other hand, more particularized events, such as the sudden and unexpected rise of a sympathetic politician to high office or a favorable judicial decision, may present opportunities for mobilizing around particular issues (see McAdam 1982:40). In short, political process theorists expect "cycles of protest" and "cycles of reform" (Tarrow 1988a) to occur when a favorable "structure of political opportunities" (Eisinger 1973; McAdam 1982:40-43) exists. In one respect, the recent history of the ADPM supports the predictions of political process models.
10 When the Court did finally rule on the case in 1970, it again sidestepped the central constitutional arguments and gave Maxwell a new trial on Witherspoon grounds. But in a footnote, the Court agreed to hear two more cases that raised the same issues— McGautha v. California and Crampton v. Ohio. The Fall and Rise of Capital Punishment 35 1970-1972: The Culmination of the Constitutional Attack The LDF/ACLU siege of capital punishment in the United States had, by 1970, brought more than its share of ups, downs, and unexpected twists in the road.
Against Capital Punishment: The Anti-Death Penalty Movement in America, 1972-1994 by Herbert H. Haines