By Joanna Radwanska-Williams
The overall idea of language of Mikołaj Kruszweski (1851-1887) is, this publication argues, a “lost paradigm” within the background of linguistics. the idea that of 'paradigm' is known in a greatly construed Kuhnian feel, and its applicability to linguistics as a technological know-how is tested. it truly is argued that Kruszewski's concept was once a covert paradigm in that his significant paintings, Ocerk nauki o jazyke ('An define of the technology of Language', 1883), had the aptitude to be seminal within the historical past of linguistics, i.e. to accomplish the prestige of a 'classical text', or 'exemplar'. This power used to be now not discovered simply because Kruszewski's impression used to be hindered by way of a number of old elements, together with his early demise and the simultaneous consolidation of the Neogrammarian paradigm, with its emphasis on phonology and language switch. The publication examines the highbrow heritage of Kruszweski's notion, which used to be rooted, partly, within the culture of British empiricism. It additionally discusses Kruszewski's courting to his instructor Jean Baudouin de Courtenay (1845-1929), his perspective in the direction of the Neogrammarian flow in linguistics, the ambivalent reception of his conception by means of his contemporaries, and the impression of his paintings at the linguistic conception of Roman Jakobson (1896-1982).
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Additional resources for A Paradigm Lost: The linguistic thought of Mikołaj Kruszewski
Williams 1992). According to Baudouin's own account, it was during his student days at Warsaw University that he became convinced of the psychological concep tion of the nature of language, and of the application of analogy to the explanation of certain phenomena of language change. This was an indepen dent conclusion on his part, as there was no formal instruction in linguistics, or comparative grammar of Indo-European, in Warsaw University at the time; his formal specialization was in Slavic philology.
To allow exceptions is merely to admit unexplained phenomena. 57): There are seeming exceptions to these laws; nevertheless, under closer scrutiny the exceptions appear governed by certain causes, by forces that have prevented the causes or forces accounting for the general law from embracing the seeming exceptions. ] The seeming exception is, strictly speaking, only a corroboration of the general law. Baudouin's position here with respect to the question of exceptions to linguistic laws is strikingly similar to the Neogrammarians; in the 1880s, his position changed, as I shall argue in Chap.
This importance of the principle of analogy, write Osthoff and Brugmann, had been expounded by August Leskien (1840-1916) in his lectures at Leipzig. The 'older linguistics' had looked on language change as 'degeneration' or 'decline' from an original, more perfect state. The operation of analogy, which disrupted the regularity of language, had been allowed only for the recent, 'degenerate' stages of language. , for the articulation of the sounds of their language, just as sure can we be of the fact that the entire psychological aspect of their speech activity (the emergence of sound images preserved in the memory from a subconscious state, and the development of concepts of sounds to words and sentences) was influenced by the association of ideas in the same way and in the same measure as today and as long as people are people.
A Paradigm Lost: The linguistic thought of Mikołaj Kruszewski by Joanna Radwanska-Williams