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A Critique of Jean-Paul Sartre’s Ontology by Maurice Natanson PDF

By Maurice Natanson

ISBN-10: 9024714907

ISBN-13: 9789024714902

ISBN-10: 9401024103

ISBN-13: 9789401024105

"Why is my soreness perpetual, and my wound incurable, which refuseth to be healed?" -Jeremiah "Existentialism" this day refers to faddism, decadentism, morbidity, the "philosophy of the graveyard"; to phrases like worry, dread, anxiousness, soreness, discomfort, aloneness, dying; to novelists reminiscent of Jean-Paul Sartre, Dostoievski, Camus, Kafka; to philosophers like Kierkegaard, Heidegger, Marcel, Jaspers, and Sartre-and since it refers to, and is anxious with, all of those principles and folks, existentialism has misplaced any clearer that means it may possibly have initially possessed. since it has such a lot of definitions, it could possibly not be outlined. As Sartre writes: "Most those that use the notice existentialism will be em­ barrased in the event that they needed to clarify it, in view that, now that the notice is all of the rage, even the paintings of a musician or painter is being referred to as existentialist. A gossip columnist . . . indicators himself The Exis­ tentialist, in order that via this time the note has been so stretched and has taken on so large a that means, that it now not potential something in any respect. " 2 This nation of definitional confusion isn't an unintentional or negligible topic. An try could be made during this creation to account for the confustion and to teach why any definition of existentialism in­ volves us in a tangle. First, even if, it's important to nation in a tenta­ tive and extremely normal demeanour what issues of view are right here meant while reference is made to existentialism.

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88. , 21. 118 119 28 A CRITIQUE OF JEAN-PAUL SARTRE'S ONTOLOGY Sartre distinguishes between two types of nihilation. There is the nihilating structure of the pre-reflective cogito. " Although the original negation which arises from the pre-reflective cogito is the basis of all negation, there is a second type of nihilation which is the nihilating structure of temporality. "33 This is the area of negation which circumscribes the core of the poursoi. It is the Nothingness of that which separates the pour-soi from its past and from its future.

Although the original negation which arises from the pre-reflective cogito is the basis of all negation, there is a second type of nihilation which is the nihilating structure of temporality. "33 This is the area of negation which circumscribes the core of the poursoi. It is the Nothingness of that which separates the pour-soi from its past and from its future. The Nothingness of the pour-soi is, for Sartre, the possibility of freedom. " 85 Nothingness reveals freedom and also reveals our anguish.

88 38 A. RTRE'S ONTOLOGY The individuation of the pour-so; is realized through its body. "The body is a necessary characteristic of the pour-soi; it ... " 46 The body appears to Others. The world in which it appears is given to the pour-soi as positional to it, not simply as an experential "possible," or a cognitive expectation. In so far as I am given to the world, I am given through my body. " 47 The world, for Sartre, is given to me through its utensil quality and its resistance to my actions toward it.

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A Critique of Jean-Paul Sartre’s Ontology by Maurice Natanson


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